**快速生成base64编码图片验证码字符串.base64图形验证码(captcha)为golang而设计.** 支持多种样式,算术,数字,字母,混合模式,语音模式. Base64是网络上最常见的用于传输8Bit字节代码的编码方式之一。Base64编码可用于在HTTP环境下传递较长的标识信息, 直接把base64当成是字符串方式的数据就好了 减少了http请求;数据就是图片; 为APIs微服务而设计 **为什么base64图片 for RESTful 服务** ~~~ Data URIs 支持大部分浏览器,IE8之后也支持. 小图片使用base64响应对于RESTful服务来说更便捷 ~~~ **安装golang包** ~~~ go get -u github.com/mojocn/base64Captcha ~~~ 对于中国大陆Gopher`go get golang.org/x/image`失败解决方案: ~~~shell mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/golang.org/x cd $GOPATH/src/golang.org/x git clone https://github.com/golang/image.git ~~~ **创建图像验证码** ~~~ import "github.com/mojocn/base64Captcha" func demoCodeCaptchaCreate() { //config struct for digits //数字验证码配置 var configD = base64Captcha.ConfigDigit{ Height: 80, Width: 240, MaxSkew: 0.7, DotCount: 80, CaptchaLen: 5, } //config struct for audio //声音验证码配置 var configA = base64Captcha.ConfigAudio{ CaptchaLen: 6, Language: "zh", } //config struct for Character //字符,公式,验证码配置 var configC = base64Captcha.ConfigCharacter{ Height: 60, Width: 240, //const CaptchaModeNumber:数字,CaptchaModeAlphabet:字母,CaptchaModeArithmetic:算术,CaptchaModeNumberAlphabet:数字字母混合. Mode: base64Captcha.CaptchaModeNumber, ComplexOfNoiseText: base64Captcha.CaptchaComplexLower, ComplexOfNoiseDot: base64Captcha.CaptchaComplexLower, IsShowHollowLine: false, IsShowNoiseDot: false, IsShowNoiseText: false, IsShowSlimeLine: false, IsShowSineLine: false, CaptchaLen: 6, } //创建声音验证码 //GenerateCaptcha 第一个参数为空字符串,包会自动在服务器一个随机种子给你产生随机uiid. idKeyA, capA := base64Captcha.GenerateCaptcha("", configA) //以base64编码 base64stringA := base64Captcha.CaptchaWriteToBase64Encoding(capA) //创建字符公式验证码. //GenerateCaptcha 第一个参数为空字符串,包会自动在服务器一个随机种子给你产生随机uiid. idKeyC, capC := base64Captcha.GenerateCaptcha("", configC) //以base64编码 base64stringC := base64Captcha.CaptchaWriteToBase64Encoding(capC) //创建数字验证码. //GenerateCaptcha 第一个参数为空字符串,包会自动在服务器一个随机种子给你产生随机uiid. idKeyD, capD := base64Captcha.GenerateCaptcha("", configD) //以base64编码 base64stringD := base64Captcha.CaptchaWriteToBase64Encoding(capD) fmt.Println(idKeyA, base64stringA, "\n") fmt.Println(idKeyC, base64stringC, "\n") fmt.Println(idKeyD, base64stringD, "\n") } ~~~ **验证图像验证码** ~~~ import "github.com/mojocn/base64Captcha" func verfiyCaptcha(idkey,verifyValue string){ verifyResult := base64Captcha.VerifyCaptcha(idkey, verifyValue) if verifyResult { //success } else { //fail } } ~~~ **使用golang搭建API服务** ~~~go // example of HTTP server that uses the captcha package. package main import ( "encoding/json" "fmt" "github.com/mojocn/base64Captcha" "log" "net/http" ) //ConfigJsonBody json request body. type ConfigJsonBody struct { Id string CaptchaType string VerifyValue string ConfigAudio base64Captcha.ConfigAudio ConfigCharacter base64Captcha.ConfigCharacter ConfigDigit base64Captcha.ConfigDigit } // base64Captcha create http handler func generateCaptchaHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) { //parse request parameters //接收客户端发送来的请求参数 decoder := json.NewDecoder(r.Body) var postParameters ConfigJsonBody err := decoder.Decode(&postParameters) if err != nil { log.Println(err) } defer r.Body.Close() //create base64 encoding captcha //创建base64图像验证码 var config interface{} switch postParameters.CaptchaType { case "audio": config = postParameters.ConfigAudio case "character": config = postParameters.ConfigCharacter default: config = postParameters.ConfigDigit } //GenerateCaptcha 第一个参数为空字符串,包会自动在服务器一个随机种子给你产生随机uiid. captchaId, digitCap := base64Captcha.GenerateCaptcha(postParameters.Id, config) base64Png := base64Captcha.CaptchaWriteToBase64Encoding(digitCap) //or you can do this //你也可以是用默认参数 生成图像验证码 //base64Png := captcha.GenerateCaptchaPngBase64StringDefault(captchaId) //set json response //设置json响应 w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=utf-8") body := map[string]interface{}{"code": 1, "data": base64Png, "captchaId": captchaId, "msg": "success"} json.NewEncoder(w).Encode(body) } // base64Captcha verify http handler func captchaVerifyHandle(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) { //parse request parameters //接收客户端发送来的请求参数 decoder := json.NewDecoder(r.Body) var postParameters ConfigJsonBody err := decoder.Decode(&postParameters) if err != nil { log.Println(err) } defer r.Body.Close() //verify the captcha //比较图像验证码 verifyResult := base64Captcha.VerifyCaptcha(postParameters.Id, postParameters.VerifyValue) //set json response //设置json响应 w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=utf-8") body := map[string]interface{}{"code": "error", "data": "验证失败", "msg": "captcha failed"} if verifyResult { body = map[string]interface{}{"code": "success", "data": "验证通过", "msg": "captcha verified"} } json.NewEncoder(w).Encode(body) } //start a net/http server //启动golang net/http 服务器 func main() { //serve Vuejs+ElementUI+Axios Web Application http.Handle("/", http.FileServer(http.Dir("./static"))) //api for create captcha //创建图像验证码api http.HandleFunc("/api/getCaptcha", generateCaptchaHandler) //api for verify captcha http.HandleFunc("/api/verifyCaptcha", captchaVerifyHandle) fmt.Println("Server is at localhost:3333") if err := http.ListenAndServe("localhost:3333", nil); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } } ~~~ **运行demo代码** ~~~ cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/mojocn/captcha/_examples go run main.go ~~~ **访问** `http://localhost:777`