mysql事务特性: ~~~ 1) 原子性 2) 一致性 3) 隔离性 4) 持久性 ~~~ golang MySQL事务应用: ~~~ 1) import (“github.com/jmoiron/sqlx") 2) Db.Begin() 开始事务 3) Db.Commit() 提交事务 4) Db.Rollback() 回滚事务 ~~~ ~~~ package main import ( "fmt" _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql" "github.com/jmoiron/sqlx" ) type Person struct { UserId int `db:"user_id"` Username string `db:"username"` Sex string `db:"sex"` Email string `db:"email"` } type Place struct { Country string `db:"country"` City string `db:"city"` TelCode int `db:"telcode"` } var Db *sqlx.DB func init() { database, err := sqlx.Open("mysql", "root:root@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/test") if err != nil { fmt.Println("open mysql failed,", err) return } Db = database } func main() { conn, err := Db.Begin() if err != nil { fmt.Println("begin failed :", err) return } r, err := conn.Exec("insert into person(username, sex, email)values(?, ?, ?)", "stu001", "man", "stu01@qq.com") if err != nil { fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err) conn.Rollback() return } id, err := r.LastInsertId() if err != nil { fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err) conn.Rollback() return } fmt.Println("insert succ:", id) r, err = conn.Exec("insert into person(username, sex, email)values(?, ?, ?)", "stu001", "man", "stu01@qq.com") if err != nil { fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err) conn.Rollback() return } id, err = r.LastInsertId() if err != nil { fmt.Println("exec failed, ", err) conn.Rollback() return } fmt.Println("insert succ:", id) conn.Commit() } ~~~ 输出结果: ~~~ insert succ: 2 insert succ: 3 ~~~ 查看MySQL: ~~~ mysql> select * from person; +---------+----------+------+--------------+ | user_id | username | sex | email | +---------+----------+------+--------------+ | 2 | stu001 | man | stu01@qq.com | | 3 | stu001 | man | stu01@qq.com | +---------+----------+------+--------------+ 2 rows in set (0.00 sec) ~~~