[TOC] ## Selenium Python bindings 介绍 `Selenium Python bindings` 提供了一系列简单的API,让我们使用`Selenium WebDriver`调用 WebDriver的所有功能,方便得操作像Firefox, IE, Chrome, Remote等等浏览器 ## 安装 Selenium Python bindings ```cmd pip install selenium ``` ## 安装浏览器驱动 `WebDriver` 需要通过`浏览器驱动`来与`浏览器`交互。 以下列出几种常用的浏览器驱动下载地址,我建议大家都选择Chrome浏览器来做自动化测试。 Chrome: [https://sites.google.com/a/chromium.org/chromedriver/downloads](https://sites.google.com/a/chromium.org/chromedriver/downloads) 如果网络不行,可以到我的网盘中下载,我收集了一些,希望有用。 [https://pan.baidu.com/s/1UP33MbEBM_4p1BdXTVHZqw](https://pan.baidu.com/s/1UP33MbEBM_4p1BdXTVHZqw) Firefox: [https://github.com/mozilla/geckodriver/releases](https://github.com/mozilla/geckodriver/releases) Edge: [https://developer.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-edge/tools/webdriver](https://developer.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-edge/tools/webdriver) Safari: [https://webkit.org/blog/6900/webdriver-support-in-safari-10](https://webkit.org/blog/6900/webdriver-support-in-safari-10) 使用不同的浏览器,需要下载对应驱动,并且确保驱动文件如chromedriver.exe放到你的系统环境PATH中,这里我将它放到python安装目录下。D:\Python36\chromedriver.exe >[warning]注意:选择驱动的版本应该要注意选择与我们的浏览器版本匹配的,否则会出现兼容问题。例如Chrome驱动与Chrome浏览器的支持关系如 >驱动与浏览器的版本支持关系如下: ChromeDriver 2.41,Supports Chrome v67-69 ChromeDriver 2.40,Supports Chrome v66-68 ChromeDriver 2.37,Supports Chrome v64-66 ChromeDriver 2.35,Supports Chrome v62-64 ChromeDriver 2.33,Supports Chrome v60-62 ... >[success] ## 本书编写时使用的环境 * python 3.6.1 * selenium 3.13.0 * chrome 68.0.3440.84 * chromedriver 2.4.1 <hr style="margin-top:50px"> <section class="" style="box-sizing: border-box;" powered-by="xiumi.us"><section class="" style="margin: 40px 0% 10px;box-sizing: border-box;"><section class="" style="display: inline-block;width: 100%;border-width: 5px;border-style: double;border-color: rgb(23, 22, 24);padding: 10px;border-radius: 2px;box-sizing: border-box;"><section class="" style="box-sizing: border-box;" powered-by="xiumi.us"><section class="" style="transform: translate3d(20px, 0px, 0px);-webkit-transform: translate3d(20px, 0px, 0px);-moz-transform: translate3d(20px, 0px, 0px);-o-transform: translate3d(20px, 0px, 0px);font-size: 11px;margin: -50px 0% 0px;box-sizing: border-box;"><section class="" style="box-sizing: border-box;width: 7em;height: 7em;display: inline-block;vertical-align: bottom;border-radius: 100%;border-width: 4px;border-style: double;border-color: rgb(23, 22, 24);background-position: center center;background-repeat: no-repeat;background-size: cover;background-image: url(&quot;http://pav7h2emv.bkt.clouddn.com/FnD-fHkNDLN1-b02XmnMvsz6ld-n&quot;);"><section class="" style="width: 100%;height: 100%;overflow: hidden;box-sizing: border-box;"><img class="" data-ratio="0.6012024" data-w="499" data-src="http://pav7h2emv.bkt.clouddn.com/FnD-fHkNDLN1-b02XmnMvsz6ld-n" style="opacity: 0; 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