# unique方法 返回集合中所有唯一的项目。返回的集合保留着原数组的键,所以在这个例子中,我们会使用 [values](/collections/values.md) 方法来把键重置为连续编号的索引。 ``` $collection = collect([1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 2]); $unique = $collection->unique(); // [ 0 => 1, 2 => 2, 4 => 3, 5 => 4]; $unique->values()->all(); // [1, 2, 3, 4] ``` 处理嵌套数组或对象时,你可以指定用来决定唯一性的键: ``` $collection = collect([ ['name' => 'iPhone 6', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'iPhone 5', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'Apple Watch', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'watch'], ['name' => 'Galaxy S6', 'brand' => 'Samsung', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'Galaxy Gear', 'brand' => 'Samsung', 'type' => 'watch'], ]); $unique = $collection->unique('brand'); $unique->values()->all(); /* [ ['name' => 'iPhone 6', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'Galaxy S6', 'brand' => 'Samsung', 'type' => 'phone'], ] */ ``` 你也可以传入自己的回调来确定项目的唯一性: ``` $collection = collect([ ['name' => 'iPhone 6', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'iPhone 5', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'Apple Watch', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'watch'], ['name' => 'Galaxy S6', 'brand' => 'Samsung', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'Galaxy Gear', 'brand' => 'Samsung', 'type' => 'watch'], ]); $unique = $collection->unique(function ($item) { return $item['brand'].$item['type']; }); $unique->values()->all(); /* [ ['name' => 'iPhone 6', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'Apple Watch', 'brand' => 'Apple', 'type' => 'watch'], ['name' => 'Galaxy S6', 'brand' => 'Samsung', 'type' => 'phone'], ['name' => 'Galaxy Gear', 'brand' => 'Samsung', 'type' => 'watch'], ] */ ``` > 在检查项目值时 `unique` 方法使用的是「宽松」比较,意味着具有整数值的字符串将被视为等于相同值的整数。使用 [uniqueStrict](/collections/uniqueStrict.md) 可以进行「严格」比较 。