# WebSocket\\Server [TOC] `1.7.9`增加了内置的`WebSocket`服务器支持,通过几行PHP代码就可以写出一个异步非阻塞多进程的`WebSocket`服务器。 ~~~ $server = new Swoole\WebSocket\Server("0.0.0.0", 9501); $server->on('open', function (Swoole\WebSocket\Server $server, $request) { echo "server: handshake success with fd{$request->fd}\n"; }); $server->on('message', function (Swoole\WebSocket\Server $server, $frame) { echo "receive from {$frame->fd}:{$frame->data},opcode:{$frame->opcode},fin:{$frame->finish}\n"; $server->push($frame->fd, "this is server"); }); $server->on('close', function ($ser, $fd) { echo "client {$fd} closed\n"; }); $server->start(); ~~~ ## onRequest回调 `WebSocket\Server`继承自`Http\Server` * 设置了`onRequest`回调,`WebSocket\Server`也可以同时作为`http`服务器 * 未设置`onRequest`回调,`WebSocket\Server`收到`http`请求后会返回`http 400`错误页面 * 如果想通过接收`http`触发所有`websocket`的推送,需要注意作用域的问题,面向过程请使用`global`对`WebSocket\Server`进行引用,面向对象可以把`WebSocket\Server`设置成一个成员属性 1、面向过程代码 ~~~ $server = new Swoole\WebSocket\Server("0.0.0.0", 9501); $server->on('open', function (Swoole\WebSocket\Server $server, $request) { echo "server: handshake success with fd{$request->fd}\n"; }); $server->on('message', function (Swoole\WebSocket\Server $server, $frame) { echo "receive from {$frame->fd}:{$frame->data},opcode:{$frame->opcode},fin:{$frame->finish}\n"; $server->push($frame->fd, "this is server"); }); $server->on('close', function ($ser, $fd) { echo "client {$fd} closed\n"; }); $server->on('request', function (Swoole\Http\Request $request, Swoole\Http\Response $response) { global $server;//调用外部的server // $server->connections 遍历所有websocket连接用户的fd,给所有用户推送 foreach ($server->connections as $fd) { $server->push($fd, $request->get['message']); } }); $server->start(); ~~~ 2、面向对象代码 ~~~ class WebsocketTest { public $server; public function __construct() { $this->server = new Swoole\WebSocket\Server("0.0.0.0", 9501); $this->server->on('open', function (swoole_websocket_server $server, $request) { echo "server: handshake success with fd{$request->fd}\n"; }); $this->server->on('message', function (Swoole\WebSocket\Server $server, $frame) { echo "receive from {$frame->fd}:{$frame->data},opcode:{$frame->opcode},fin:{$frame->finish}\n"; $server->push($frame->fd, "this is server"); }); $this->server->on('close', function ($ser, $fd) { echo "client {$fd} closed\n"; }); $this->server->on('request', function ($request, $response) { // 接收http请求从get获取message参数的值,给用户推送 // $this->server->connections 遍历所有websocket连接用户的fd,给所有用户推送 foreach ($this->server->connections as $fd) { $this->server->push($fd, $request->get['message']); } }); $this->server->start(); } } new WebsocketTest(); ~~~ ## 客户端 * `Chrome`/`Firefox`/高版本`IE`/`Safari`等浏览器内置了`JS`语言的`WebSocket`客户端 * 微信小程序开发框架内置的`WebSocket`客户端 * 异步的`PHP`程序中可以使用`Swoole\Http\Client`作为`WebSocket`客户端 * `apache/php-fpm`或其他同步阻塞的`PHP`程序中可以使用`swoole/framework`提供的[同步WebSocket客户端](https://github.com/swoole/framework/blob/master/libs/Swoole/Client/WebSocket.php) * 非`WebSocket`客户端不能与`WebSocket`服务器通信